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jueves, 13 de julio de 2017

Stephen Baxter

Stephen Baxter

Stephen Baxter
Stephen Baxter 2005.jpg
Información personal
Nacimiento13 de noviembre de 1957 Ver y modificar los datos en Wikidata (59 años)
Reino Unido Ver y modificar los datos en Wikidata
NacionalidadBritánica Ver y modificar los datos en Wikidata
Alma máter
Información profesional
OcupaciónNovelista, escritor de ciencia ficción y escritor Ver y modificar los datos en Wikidata
GéneroLiteratura de ciencia ficción Ver y modificar los datos en Wikidata

Stephen Baxter, (13 de noviembre de 1957 -) escritor de ciencia ficción nacido en Liverpool (Reino Unido).


Baxter es licenciado en matemáticas por la Universidad de Cambridge e ingeniería por la de Southampton. Ha trabajado como profesor de matemáticas y física, y varios años en tecnologías de la información. En 1991 intentó ser astronauta, pero no pasó las pruebas en una etapa temprana. En 1995 se dedicó a tiempo completo a la escritura.
Como autor de ciencia ficción se le cataloga dentro de la ciencia ficción dura, y ha sido considerado el sucesor de la figura de Arthur C. Clarke, con el que incluso ha participado en la escritura de la novela Luz de otros días.
Gran parte de su producción, como el ciclo de los Xeelee aún está inédita en español, centrándose las traducciones a sus dos novelas steampunk, como son Antihielo y Las naves del tiempo, homenajes a Jules Verne y H. G. Wells respectivamente.
Baxter ha ganado diversos premios entre los que destacan el John W. Campbell Memorial de 1996 por Las naves del tiempo y varias nominaciones a los Hugo y los Nébula



Stephen Baxter 

Stephen Baxter
Stephen Baxter 2005.jpg
Stephen Baxter at the 63rd World Science Fiction Convention, 2005.
Born13 November 1957 (age 59)
Liverpool, England
GenreHard SFAlternate history
Stephen Baxter (born 13 November 1957) is a British hard science fictionauthor. He has degrees in mathematics and engineering.

Writing style
Strongly influenced by SF pioneer H. G. Wells, Baxter has been a distinguished Vice-President of the international H. G. Wells Society since 2006. His fiction falls into three main categories of original work plus a fourth category, extending other authors' writing; each has a different basis, style, and tone.
Baxter's "Future History"[1] mode is based on research into hard science. It encompasses the monumental Xeelee Sequence, which as of September 2015 is composed of seven novels (including the Destiny's Children trilogy), plus three volumes collecting the 52 short pieces (short stories and novellas) in the series, all of which fit into a single timeline stretching from the Big Bang singularity of the past to his Timelike Infinity singularity of the future.[2] These stories begin in the present day and end when the Milky Way galaxy collides with Andromeda five billion years in the future.[2] The central narrative is that of Humanity rising and evolving to become the second most powerful race in the universe, next to the god-like Xeelee. Character development tends to take second place to the depiction of advanced theories and ideas, such as the true nature of the Great Attractornaked singularities and the great battle between Baryonic and Dark Matter lifeforms. The Manifold Trilogy is another example of Baxter's future history mode, even more conceptual than the Xeelee sequence – each novel is focused on a potential explanation of the Fermi Paradox. The two-part disaster series Flood and Ark (followed by three additional stories, "Earth III," "Earth II," and "Earth I") which also fits into this category, where catastrophic events unfold in the near future and Humanity must adapt to survive in three radically different planetary environments. In 2013, Baxter released his short story collection entitled Universes which featured stories set in Flood/Ark, Jones & Bennet and Anti-Ice universes.[3]Baxter signed a contract for two new books, titled Proxima and Ultima, both of which are names of planets, and they were released in 2013 and 2014, respectively.[4]

Stephen Baxter at the Science-Fiction-Tage NRW in Dortmund, Germany, March 1997
A second category in Baxter's work is based on readings in evolutionary biology and human/animal behaviour. Elements of this appear in his future histories (especially later works like the Destiny's Children series and Flood/Ark), but here it is the focus. The major work in this category is Evolution, which imagines the evolution of humanity in the Earth's past and future. The Mammoth Trilogy, written for young adults, shares similar themes and concerns as it explores the present, past, and future of a small herd of mammoths found surviving on an island in the Arctic Ocean.
A third category of Baxter's fiction is alternate history, based on research into history. These stories are more human, with characters portrayed with greater depth and care. This includes his NASA Trilogy, which incorporates a great deal of research into NASA and its history, and the Time's Tapestry series, which features science-fictional interventions into our past from an alternate-history future. The novel Anti-Ice is an earlier example of Baxter's blending of alternate history with science fiction. His most recent work in this direction is the Northland Trilogy, an alternate prehistory that begins with Stone Spring, set ten thousand years ago in the Stone Age, followed by Bronze Summer and Iron Winter, set in alternate versions of the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. In 2009, Baxter became a judge for the Sidewise Award for Alternate History, the first former winner among the panel.[5]
Another category, outside of the main body of Baxter's independent work, is sequels and installments of science-fiction classics. His first novel to achieve wide recognition (winning three literary awards) was The Time Ships, an authorised sequel to H.G. Wells' The Time Machine. The Time Odyssey series, a trilogy co-authored with Arthur C. Clarke, is connected to Clarke's four Space Odyssey novels. Another novel is based on a synopsis written by Clarke, The Light of Other Days. Baxter has also published a Doctor Who novel, The Wheel of Ice.
In 2010, Baxter began working on a new series with Terry Pratchett.[6] This collaboration has produced five books, The Long EarthThe Long WarThe Long MarsThe Long Utopia and The Long Cosmos.
Baxter has also written non-fiction essays and columns for such publications as Critical Wave and the British SF Association's Matrix.

Literary awards

Award NameYearFor bookShort stories printed in
BSFA Award SF Novel1995[7]The Time Ships
Sidewise Award for Best Short Form Alternate History1995"Brigantia's Angels"Traces
John W. Campbell Award1996[8]The Time Ships
Philip K. Dick Award1996[8]The Time Ships
Kurd-Laßwitz-Preis for Best Foreign Language Novel1996The Time Ships
Sidewise Award for Best Long Form Alternate History1996Voyage
BSFA Award Short Fiction1997"War Birds"Phase Space
Premio Gigamesh1997The Time Ships
SF Chronicle Award Best Novelette1998"Moon Six"Traces
Analog Award Best Short Story1998"Moon-Calf"Phase Space
Philip K. Dick Award1999[9]Vacuum Diagrams
Seiun Award for Best Foreign Language Novel1999The Time Ships
Analog Award Best Short Story2000"Sheena 5"Phase Space
Locus Poll Award Best Novelette2000"Huddle"Phase Space
Asimov's Readers' Poll Novelette2001"On the Orion Line"Resplendent
BSFA Award Non-Fiction2001Omegatropic
Analog Award Best Short Story2002"The Hunters of Pangaea"Evolution & The Hunters of Pangaea
BSFA Award Short Fiction2004"Mayflower II"Resplendent
Baxter's story "Last Contact" was nominated for the 2008 Hugo Award for best short story.

Personal life

Baxter was born 13 November 1957 in Liverpool, England and studied mathematics at Cambridge University, obtained a doctorate in engineering at Southampton University,[10] and received an MBA from Henley Management College. Baxter taught maths, physics, and information technology before becoming a full-time author in 1995. He is also a chartered engineer and fellow of the British Interplanetary Society.[11]

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